Understanding Heat-Resistant and Fire-Retardant Materials
Whether you’re a professional welder, steel mill worker, ironworker, or firefighter, you need to have the appropriate personal protective equipment to get the job done. You’ll work in high-temperature job sites that require expertise and extensive safety knowledge.
Incorporating the use of heat-resistant and fire-retardant materials will keep you safe and finish the job successfully. But what makes a material heat-resistant or fire-retardant? Take a look at understanding heat-resistant and fire-retardant materials and the different kinds.
What Makes Materials Temperature-Resistant?
If you wish to understand heat-resistant and fire-retardant materials, it’s vital to go over how they work. Simply put, heat-resistant materials allow protection against various heat elements generated due to high-temperature operations. Materials such as wires, refrigerator lines, and cables are susceptible, increasing the risk of dangerous off-gassing hazards.
Temperature-resistant materials have common traits, such as hardness, compressive resistance, tensile strength, flexibility, malleability, grain, and elasticity. Meeting specific characteristics can provide the protection both the user and the environment need.
Types of Heat-Resistant and Fire-Retardant Materials
When working in a high safety risk location, having the necessary temperature-resistant materials will help keep you focused with reduced injuries.
Concrete and Heat Bricks
Because bricks mostly get made in fire kilns, they naturally come fire-resistant—although individual bricks have better resistance to flames than a brick wall due to mortar. Thankfully, brick is considered among the best building materials for fire protection.
Concrete is one of the most common building materials for its non-combustible and low thermal conductivity capabilities. It helps with preventing the spread of fire thanks to its structural integrity. Keep in mind that aggregate makes up a considerable among of concrete, which contributes to fire-resistant properties.
Fire-retardant-treated wood, also known as FRTW, resists the spread of flames and smoke development due to fire or fire propagation. It’s wood that’s treated explicitly with fire-retardant chemicals to resist ignition.
The durability is often tested in high moisture, heat, corrosivity, and compatibility with paints and stains. Additionally, fire-retardant wood reduces insurance costs and saves lives.
The personal protective equipment worn during the job will keep you safe from harm. Equipment such as flame-resistant balaclavas, welding jackets, and aprons are just a few examples of heat-resistant PPE. Materials such as leather and nylon offer high resistance to flames and heat. Other equipment such as firefighter extrication gloves help firefighters reach tight, dangerous places while providing dexterity and resistance to cuts.